The AT-IRA Surrender the Four Courts Garrison 1922

#OnThisDay 1922 In the morning, there is a temporary truce at the Four Courts so that anti-Treaty wounded could be evacuated.  Soon after fighting resumes, there is a large explosion inside the Four Courts.  While the officers inside the Four Courts discuss surrender or fighting their way out, a message arrives from Oscar Traynor ordering them to surrender.  Shortly afterwards (about 4.00pm), the anti-Treaty garrison in Four Courts surrenders.  There had been eight casualties in the defence of the Four Courts including two fatal casualties (Tom Wall and John Cusack). Joe McKelvey, Rory O’Connor, Liam Mellows, Dick Barrett, (These four were later executed) Tom Barry and Ernie O’Malley are captured along with about 100 others.  General JJ O’Connell, who had been captured by the AT-IRA before the shelling began, is released.  (O’Malley escapes on way to Mountjoy along with five others and Barry escapes in August.)

Four Courts

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